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Candidate Selection Procedures and the Representativeness of Parties

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In any papers or publications that utilize this data set, users are asked to cite the following article:


This article is based on research funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (The Dynamics of Party Competition [1741/5-1 and 1741/5-2]).

Our thanks go to our colleagues in the research team: Ingo Rohlfing, Simon Franzmann, Daniel Schultz, Julian Garritzmann, Alexander Mayer, Holger Reinermann, Tobias Schafföner, and Gregor Zons.


Data on party positions are available online at:


Detailed data on intra-party candidate selection procedures are available
online (under construction):